DEFINED SERVICE AREAS | INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEMS APPROACH

Areas which defines the extent of TK’s involvement and delivery of services:

i. Initial Engagement Areas, where TK may commence engagements to introduce PIEL interventions.

ii. Total Engagement Areas, where full service and assistance are afforded the geographic area.  It requires an area-based office staffed with capable personnel.  Total engagement areas receive  services even in times when TK has no funding.  Example (as of 2012): Lake Buhi, Seven Lakes of San Pablo,; Lucena City, Dolores, Tayabas Bay, Northern Lamon Bay

iii. Transformative Engagement Areas, where TK has strong alliances with local communities, POs, NGOs, LGUs.  Services are sustained and generally pro-active. 

Example: MBSCPL; TVPL; Inner Lamon Bay; etc.

iV. Specific Engagement Areas, where services are limited to particular needs of clients

Example:  Tawi-tawi, Caraga; Lingayen Gulf, Sierra Madre; etc.

INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEMS APPROACH

In the implementation of its programs, Tanggol considers common resource bases of the geographic region such as protected areas, watersheds, bays, gulfs and the Taga-ilog or integrated ecosystems approach.  All the programs revolve around the management and law enforcement for the common resource base. These include TERRESTRIAL, COASTAL & MARINE, URBAN and WETLAND Areas.

The approach takes into account the ancient links, the arteries of nature that keep us all connected and applies those links to disciplines, institutions, communities and sectors.

TERRESTRIAL

Mts. Banahaw-San Cristobal Protected Landscape (MBSCPL) -   

Mount Banahaw-San Cristobal plays a vital role in the economy, culture, religious and health of the people of the provinces of Laguna and Quezon. The Mountain is also an important biological conservation area as it is the habitat of an array of unique and rare wildlife area testimony of an island once almost completely covered with natural vegetation before the forest were exchanged for what we now call development.

The point must be made that many of Banahaw’s endemic species, if not already extinct, are now rare and may die out. Many of them, like the rodent known as gulantang, punay and the kalaw, cannot live in an altered ecosystem. Species that took thousands of years to evolve in a specialized ecosystem could crumble in one to five years under the increasing encroachment of humans without knowledge for appreciation of the value of the forest eco-system and its teeming life forms. And in 2006, a rafflesia (world’s biggest flower) species was discovered in the mountain which was now named ‘Rafflesia Banahaw’. 

Tanggol’s intervention through its Capability Building Program lead to the closure of some areas in Mount Banahaw in 2004 for five years. In 2009, the PAMB passed another resolution extending the closure for 3 years more years.  An additional 3 years of closure were again passed during the PAMB Meeting in January 2012. 

Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park

The Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park (NSMNP) is considered one of the most important of the protected areas system of the Philippines. It is the largest protected area in the country and the richest in terms of genetic, species and habitat diversity. The importance of the park is underscored by the myriad of rare and endangered species of flora and fauna that it supports. These include Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi ), Golden Crowned Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus ), Philippine Eagle-Owl ( Bubo philippensis),  Isabela Oriole    (Oriolus isabellae ), Green Sea Turtle  ( Chelonia mydas), Loggerhead Turtle  ( Caretta caretta ), Hawksbill Turtle (Erethmochelys imbricata), Philippine Crocodile  (Crocodylus mindorensis ) and Dugong  ( Dugong dugon ).

In 2008, Gov. Grace Padaca set up the Provincial Anti-Illegal Logging Taskforce.  This  task force were composed of Provincial Government of Isabela, DENR, Philippine Army, Philippine National Police and Tanggol Kalikasan.  In 18 months, the group were able to confiscate more than  200,000 board feet of illegal cut timber on the four check up points that were established.  Criminal cases were filed against middlemen and financiers, however no legal action was taken against the bugadors as per instruction of the Provincial Government of Isabela.  

MARINE AND COASTAL

Tayabas and Lamon Bay

Tayabas and Lamon Bay are two of the large bay found in the Southern part of Luzon.  Lamon Bay is a rich fishing ground directly serving 6 coastal towns, namely: Atimonan, Gumaca, Pladridel, Lopez, Calauag and the islands of Alabat.  Meanwhile Tayabas Bay is surrounded by three provinces, namely:  Quezon, Batangas and Marinduque.   

Upland and Rural-Urban Ecosystem Management for Areas Surrounding Dasol Bay

Dasol is a popular town for the production of commercial salts. Seawater is fed into large ponds and water is drawn out through natural evaporation which allows the salt to be harvested. Dasol Bay occupies the whole coastline of Dasol and it is where the town gets its saltwater.

With the cooperation of the municipalities surrounding Dasol Bay, Tanggol Kalikasan were able to plant in the 30 hectares more than 100,000 mangroves and about 100,000 trees in Mt. Bayante Watershed in Infanta, Pangasinan. 

WETLANDS

Taal Volcano Protected Landscape

The Taal Volcano Protected Landscape (TVPL), which is an active  strato-volcano on the island of Luzon, straddles the provinces of Batangas and Cavite, with an area of 62,292.14 hectares and situated in the municipalities of Talisay, Malvar, Tanauan, Laurel, Agoncillo, Sta. Teresita, Cuenca, Alitagtag, Mataas na Kahoy, Lipa City, Balete and San Nicolas in Batangas & Tagaytay City in Cavite.  It consists of an island in Lake Taal, which is situated within a caldera formed by an earlier very large eruption. It is about 50 km from the capital, Manila.

The lake and its environs is home to many species of flora and fauna a number of which are endemic to the lake like the "Tawilis" (Sardinella tawilis), the only fresh water sardine in the world and the Taal Lake Seasnake (Hydrophis semperi or known to locals as Duhol), the only freshwater sea snake in the world. The snake still has salt glands to eliminate excess salt, despite being in a freshwater habitat.  Other endemic forms include blue green algae, diatom, ostracod, sponge, reptile and fishes. There are many other species, which until now have yet to be documented, and whose natural histories have not been fully studied.

Tanggol Kalikasan, worked hand in hand with the Protected Area Management Board of TVPL which leads to the finalization and approval of the TVPL 2010-2020 Management Plan passed in 2009. 

Seven Lakes 

The Seven Lakes of San Pablo (Filipino: Pitong Lawa ng San Pablo) are seven crater lakes scattered around the City of San Pablo, in the province of Laguna, Philippines.  The seven lakes of the city are:  Lake Bunot, Lake Calibato, sometimes spelled as Lake Kalibato, The twin lakes of Yambo and Pandin, Lake Palakpakin, sometimes spelled as Lake Palacpaquin or Palacpaquen, Lake Muhikap, also known as Lake Mojicap or Lake Mohicap and Lake Sampaloc, also spelled as Lake Sampalok, the largest of the seven lakes.

Tanggol Kalikasan continues to provide technical and legal assistance to the Seven Lakes River Council.  The council is currently at the onset of drafting a management plan for the Seven Lakes of San Pablo. 

Buhi Lake

Lake Buhi is a lake found in Buhi, Camarines Sur, Philippines. It has an area of 18 square kilometres and has an average depth of 8 meters. The lake lies in the valley formed by two ancient volcanoes, Mt. Asog and Mt. Malinao. It was created in 1641, when an earthquake caused a side of Mt. Asog to collapse. The resulting landslide created a natural dam that blocked the flow of nearby streams.  Another theory suggests that it was created by the eruption of Mt. Asog, which is now dormant.

The lake is famous since it is one of the few bodies of water that contains the sinarapan (Mistichthys luzonensis) which is the world's smallest commercially-harvested fish. 

Aside from the sinarapan, Lake Buhi is also home for other marine organisms such as the Irin-irin (Redigobius dispar), Dalag (Channa striata), Puyo(Anabas testudineus), Kotnag (Hemiramphus sp.), Burirawan (Strophidon sathete) and native catfish (Clarias sp.). Other fishes are introduced to boost the fishery industry such as the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Mozambique Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) and Bangkok Hito (Clarias sp.).

The forest surrounding the lake is the home of at least 25 bird species. The five endemic species are the Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker, Philippine Hanging Parrot, Black-naped Monarch, Elegant Tit and the White-eared Brown Dove. Other fauna found in the forest are flying lizards (Draco sp.),skinks, monitor lizards (Varanus marmoratus), civet cats, bats and the Philippine Cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fasicularis). 

Today the lake is the main source of water supply for the National Power Corporation Hydro Electric Plant. The power plant, which was founded in 1952, generates an average of 2.8 megawatts. It is also used by the National Irrigation Administration to irrigate at least 100 square kilometres of the Riconada towns located downstream and Iriga City. 

Tanggol also provides legal assistance on environmental law enforcement to NAPOCOR  for their forest guards in protecting Buhi Lake and the watershed reservation.

 

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